The European Union affairs in the Riigikogu

The European Union Affairs Committee has a deciding and coordinating role in the issues relating to the European Union in the Riigikogu.

The European Union Affairs Committee is a standing committee of the Riigikogu that gives the mandate to the positions of the Government of the Republic on the EU draft legislation and Estonia's positions for the meetings of the Council of Ministers and the European Council.

Unlike the members of other standing committees, the members of the European Union Affairs Committee may at the same time also belong to some other standing committee. The members of the Board of the Riigikogu may also belong to that committee. 

Working process

The Government of the Republic forwards the initiatives of the European Commission to the Board of the Riigikogu who, by its resolution, appoints one or several specialised committees to provide an opinion on them to the European Union Affairs Committee. The European Union Affairs Committee forms its position in regard to the initiatives of the EC on behalf of the Riigikogu on the basis of the opinions of other standing committees. The primary task of the European Union Affairs Committee is to observe that the positions of the Riigikogu would take into account both the general context of the EU – political situation, relations and agreements between the Member States – and Estonia's priorities in the EU politics.

Other functions

The European Union Affairs Committee also follows the activities of the Council of the European Union and the European Council. The Government of the Republic submits its positions on the issues dealt with at the meetings and discussions to the Riigikogu. The ministers present these positions at the meetings of the European Union Affairs Committee. After discussion, the European Union Affairs Committee forms its position or gives a mandate for the meeting of the Council of the European Union. Before the European Council meetings, the Prime Minister meets with the European Union Affairs Committee.

The positions of the European Union Affairs Committee are binding for the Government. The Government proceeds from them in the discussions held in Europe. In case the Government has not proceeded from the positions of the European Union Affairs Committee, it has to provide the reasons for it to the Committee.