Europol, the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation, is an organisation that was founded to support the cooperation of law enforcement agencies in the European Union. In order to monitor Europol’s activities, national parliaments of Member States and the European Parliament will set up a specialised Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG).
Each national parliament will appoint up to four members and the European Parliament up to 16 members to the JPSG. If possible, the members of the JPSG will belong to the group for the whole term of their parliamentary mandate. The JPSG will meet twice a year: the first meeting (during the first half of the year) will take place in the country holding the Presidency of the Council of the European Union, and the second meeting (during the second half of the year) will be held at the European Parliament. The meetings will be chaired by the representative of the presidency parliament and the representative of the European Parliament.
The Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group on Europol’s activities will meet for the first time in the second half of 2017 in Brussels. Thus the first meeting will take place during the Estonian Presidency, and it will be organised by the Riigikogu in cooperation with the European Parliament.
The Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group:
- shall politically monitor Europol’s activities in fulfilling its mission (including as regards the impact of those activities on the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons);
- shall discuss at its meetings the budgetary aspects of Europol’s activities, the structural organisation of Europol and the potential establishment of new units and specialised centres;
- shall at least once a year, discuss general matters relating to the activities of Europol (protection of fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons, in particular the protection of personal data);
- may draw up summary conclusions on the political monitoring of Europol’s activities and submit those conclusions to the European Parliament and national parliaments.
In addition, the JPSG will be consulted on the document containing the multiannual programming of Europol, which is adopted by the Europol Management Board.
European Parliament, Brussels